Massage chair with modern mechanical technology to reproduce the traditional Chinese medicine meridian massage is an important daily health care equipment. The function of the massage chair is to integrate meridian massage of traditional Chinese medicine with modern high-tech means to help users enjoy a comfortable massage, reduce fatigue, and achieve the effect of health care and physical fitness. With the development of single-chip microcomputer intelligent control, a massage chair with STONE touch screen control application is also added.

What we need to do here is such an application, select different modes through STONE Touch Screen, realize the control of MCU through serial port communication, and then realize the speed and rotation time control of stepping motor by controlling the level of specific IO, so as to realize the massage function of head and back. The system uses the STONE Touch Screen serial port screen, which can be used to do touch display function. It is very convenient to develop. Only through the serial port can the MCU be controlled.

It is used in the massage chair, which can easily realize the setting of a massage function and the adjustment of massage strength, so as to achieve the effect of self-cultivation and reduce fatigue.





Project Overview


Here we do is a home massage chair application, will STONE TFT After the LCD serial screen is powered on, a start interface will appear. After a short stay, it will jump to a specific interface. This interface is used to set our current time. When setting, a keyboard will pop up. After setting, click OK to enter the massage mode selection interface. Here, I have set three modes: head massage, back massage, and comprehensive mode. In the mode, the massage intensity can be set, the high, middle, and low gears can be set, and the corresponding LED light will be used for intensity indication; the massage times can also be set, after reaching the set number, it will automatically stop; in the comprehensive model, the head and back will be massaged at the same time, and it can be turned off when it is not needed. These actions are through the STONE Touch Screen serial port screen to achieve command transmission.



The communication functions are as follows:


① The serial port screen of STONE Touch Screen realizes the function of button switching interface;

② The serial port screen of STONE Touch Screen realizes the function of an automatic jump when starting up;

③ The serial port screen of STONE Touch Screen realizes time setting;

④ The serial port screen of STONE Touch Screen realizes data variable distribution;

⑤ STONE Touch Screen serial port screen realizes serial command communication.

⑥ STONE Touch Screen serial port screen realizes the function of menu bar selection;



Modules required for the project:


STONE Touch Screen

Arduino ESP32

③ Stepper motor drive and module;

④ LED array module;


Block diagram





Hardware introduction and principle


STONE STVC101WT-01 touch screen display


10.1 inch 1024x600 industrial grade TFT panel and 4-wire resistance touch screen;

brightness is 300cd / m2, LED backlight;

RGB color is 65K;

visual area is 222.7mm * 125.3mm;

visual angle is 70 / 70 / 50 / 60;

working life is 20000 hours. 32-bit cortex-m4 200Hz CPU;

CPLD epm240 TFT-LCD controller;

128MB (or 1GB) flash memory;

USB port (U disk) download;

toolbox software for GUI design, simple and powerful hex instructions.


Basic functions


Touch screen control / display image / display text / display curve / read and write data / play video and audio. It is suitable for various industries.

UART interface is RS232 / RS485 / TTL;

voltage is 6v-35v;

power consumption is 3.0w;

working temperature is - 20 ℃ / + 70 ℃;

air humidity is 60 ℃ 90%.


STVC101WT-01 TFT display module communicates with MCU through a serial port, which needs to be used in this project. We only need to add the designed UI picture through the upper computer through the menu bar options to buttons, text boxes, background pictures, and page logic, then generate the configuration file, and finally download it to the display screen to run.






The manual can be downloaded through the official website:



In addition to the data manual, there are user manuals, common development tools, drivers, some simple routine demos, video tutorials, and some for testing projects.


LED array module


Product features

This is a galloping lamp display module with 8 LEDs on board. The external voltage is 3-5.5vdc, and the corresponding LED can be lighted at a low level. It is especially suitable for the IO test of a single-chip microcomputer to realize indicator control.


Electrical parameters

-Working voltage: 3 - 5.5VDC

-Working current: 24Ma (maximum)

-Effective level: low level

-Number of LEDs: 8

-Display color: red (D1 / D2 / D3 / D4 / D5 / D6 / D7 / D8)

-It is very suitable for MCU experiment and DIY




Esp32 is a single-chip scheme integrated with 2.4 GHz WiFi and Bluetooth dual-mode. It adopts TSMC's ultra-low power consumption 40 nm technology, with ultra-high RF performance, stability, versatility, and reliability, as well as ultra-low power consumption, which meets different power consumption requirements and is suitable for various application scenarios. At present, the product models of esp32 series include esp32-d0wd-v3, esp32-d0wdq6-v3, esp32-d0wd, esp32-d0wdq6, esp32-d2wd, esp32-s0wd and esp32-u4wdh. Esp32-d0wd-v3, esp32-d0wdq6-v3 and esp32-u4wdh are chip models based on Eco v3.




• 802.11 b/g/n

• 802.11 n (2.4 GHz) up to 150 Mbps

• wireless multimedia (WMM)

• frame aggregation (TX / RX A-MPDU, Rx A-MSDU)

• immediate block ACK

• defragmentation

• beacon automatic monitoring (hardware TSF)

• 4x virtual Wi-Fi interface




• Bluetooth v4.2 complete standard, including traditional Bluetooth (BR / EDR) and low power Bluetooth (BLE)

• supports standard class-1, class-2, and class-3 without external power amplifier

• enhanced power control


Output power up to +12 dBm


• nzif receiver has – 94 DBM ble reception sensitivity

• adaptive frequency hopping (AFH)

• standard HCI based on SDIO / SPI / UART interface

• high-speed UART HCI up to 4 Mbps


Support for Bluetooth 4.2 BR / EDR and BLE dual-mode controller


• synchronous connection-oriented / extended synchronous connection-oriented (SCO / ESCO)

• CVSD and SBC audio codec algorithms

• piconet and scatternet

• multi-device connection with traditional Bluetooth and low power Bluetooth

• support simultaneous broadcast and scanning






ULN2003 Stepper Motor


Product features


ULN2003 is a Darlington display with high voltage and high current. It consists of seven Silicon NPN Darlington tubes. Each pair of Darlington of ULN2003 is connected in series with a 2.7K base resistor. Under 5V working voltage, it can be directly connected with the TTL and CMOS circuit, which can directly process the data that needs a standard logic buffer. Here we use the DIP-16 package, 4-phase 5-wire 5V stepping motor.


Structure and Application









Arduino Development steps


Arduino ESP32


Download IDE


To complete the code development of esp32, Arduino is used to developing and compile. First, you need to install the environment and enter the Arduino official website:


https://www.arduino.cc/en/Main/Software, and download the version for your own platform.




Install Arduino




Double click automatic installation. It should be noted here that Arduino ide relies on the Java development environment and requires PC to install Java JDK and configure variables. If double-click fails to start, it may be that the PC does not have JDK support.







HeadGearHigh is used to set the gear to high in receive head mode

HeadGearMiddle is used to set the gear to middle in receive head mode

HeadGearLow is used to set the gear to low in receive head mode

HeadTiming is used to receive the number of times set in head mode

HeadModeStart is used to start in receive header mode

HeadModeStop is used to stop in receive header mode

BackGearHigh is used to set the gear to high in receive back mode

BackGearMiddle is used to set the gear to middle in receive back mode

BackGearLow is used to set the gear to low in receive back mode

BackModeStart is used to start in receive back mode

BackModeStop is used to stop in receive back mode

IntegratedModeStart is used to receive start in integrated mode

IntegratedModeStop is used to receive stop in integrated mode


After the code is written, we start to compile. After the compilation is successful, download the code to the esp32 EVB board. The operation is as follows:







New Project

Find the tool 2019 directory and double-click to open STONE Tool 2019




Click new project and make changes to the resolution, project name, and save path.




Then set the boot page, and set the communication packet header:





Add picture


By default, there is a blue back image after a new project is created.




Right-click 0.jpg and select remove to delete it. In the same way, select Add to add the image required by the project.




The setting of selection interface




To set the time function, first add a clock setting control.




Add an RTC control.




To make an input keyboard, we need to add a button control to each array and give the corresponding key value.




Menu bar selection


Add the menu bar control, set the initial value, and add the corresponding ICO library.




Page jump function




You can set the button effect and the switch page, and the switching interface effect of other buttons is also similar.

Key command setting

Each button needs to be given corresponding action, so the following settings are made:



uint8_t   HeadGearHigh[9]       = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x0E, 0x01, 0x00, 0x03};

uint8_t   HeadGearMiddle[9]     = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x0E, 0x01, 0x00, 0x02};

uint8_t   HeadGearLow[9]        = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x0E, 0x01, 0x00, 0x01};


uint8_t   HeadTiming[9]         = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x11, 0x01, 0x00, 0x09};


uint8_t   HeadModeStart[9]    = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x19, 0x01, 0x41, 0x61};

uint8_t   HeadModeStop[9]     = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x24, 0x01, 0x46, 0x66};



uint8_t   BackGearHigh[9]       = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x1A, 0x01, 0x00, 0x01};

uint8_t   BackGearMiddle[9]     = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x1A, 0x01, 0x00, 0x02};

uint8_t   BackGearLow[9]      = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x1A, 0x01, 0x00, 0x03};


uint8_t   BackModeStart[9]      = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x0C, 0x01, 0x42, 0x62};

uint8_t   BackModeStop[9]     = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x0D, 0x01, 0x43, 0x63};



uint8_t   IntegratedModeStart[9]= {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x0F, 0x01, 0x44, 0x64};

uint8_t   IntegratedModeStop[9] = {0xA5, 0x5A, 0x06, 0x83, 0x00, 0x1F, 0x01, 0x45, 0x65};













 Stepper Motor Control - one revolution


 This program drives a unipolar or bipolar stepper motor.

 The motor is attached to digital pins 8 - 11 of the Arduino.


 The motor should revolve one revolution in one direction, then

 one revolution in the other direction.



 Created 11 Mar. 2007

 Modified 30 Nov. 2009

 by Tom Igoe




For complete code and project documentation, please contact us: https://www.stoneitech.com/contact



STONE Touch Screen with ESP32 Application of massage chair Appendix













The article source:  https://www.theengineeringprojects.com/2020/09/application-of-massage-chair-stone-tft-lcd-with-esp32.html